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  • Writer's pictureRajat Chauhan

Seasonal Allergies: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Seasonal allergies, also known as hay fever or allergic rhinitis, affect millions of people globally. They happen when the immune system overreacts to allergens like pollen from trees, grasses, and weeds in the environment. These allergies bring a range of uncomfortable symptoms that can significantly affect daily life. This article looks into what causes seasonal allergies, their symptoms, and different treatment options, including the potential benefits of using Manuka honey.

What Causes Seasonal Allergies?

Seasonal allergies are caused by the immune system's response to airborne substances that are generally harmless. 

Common causes of seasonal allergies include:

  • Pollen: Pollen is the primary culprit for seasonal allergies. Different types of pollen, such as tree pollen in the spring, grass pollen in the summer, and weed pollen in the fall, can trigger allergic reactions.

  • Mold Spores: Mold spores, which thrive in warm, damp conditions, can be a big allergen, especially in the late summer and fall.

  • Dust Mites: Although dust mites are present year-round, their levels can increase during certain seasons due to changes in humidity and temperature.

  • Animal Dander: Proteins found in the skin flakes, saliva, and urine of animals can cause allergic reactions. Pets that spend more time indoors during colder months can increase exposure.

Seasonal Allergy Risk Factors

Certain factors can increase the likelihood of developing seasonal allergies:

  • Family History: A family history of allergies can increase the risk of developing seasonal allergies.

  • Age: Seasonal allergies can develop at any age but often start during childhood or young adulthood.

  • Asthma: Individuals with asthma are more likely to suffer from seasonal allergies.

  • Gender: Males are more likely to develop allergies during childhood, while females are more likely to develop them in adulthood.

Symptoms of Seasonal Allergies

The symptoms of seasonal allergies can be mild or severe and can significantly impact your daily activities. 

Common symptoms include:

  • Sneezing: Frequent sneezing is a hallmark symptom of seasonal allergies.

  • Runny or Stuffy Nose: Nasal congestion and a runny nose are common symptoms.

  • Itchy Eyes, Nose, and Throat: Allergens can cause itching in the eyes, nose, and throat.

  • Watery Eyes: Excessive tearing can occur because of eye irritation.

  • Coughing: Postnasal drip caused by mucus drainage can lead to coughing.

  • Fatigue: Chronic fatigue and general malaise can result from persistent allergy symptoms.

  • Headache: Sinus pressure and congestion can lead to headaches.

How Are Seasonal Allergies Diagnosed?

Diagnosing seasonal allergies typically involves a combination of patient history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests:

  • Medical History: A detailed medical history helps identify patterns and potential allergens.

  • Physical Examination: A thorough examination of the ears, nose, throat, and lungs can reveal signs of allergic reactions.

  • Allergy Testing: Skin prick tests or blood tests can identify specific allergens causing symptoms.

  • Nasal Smear: A nasal smear can detect the presence of eosinophils, a type of white blood cell associated with allergies.

Treatment Options for Seasonal Allergies

Successfully managing seasonal allergies often involves using both preventive measures and treatments.

Here are some common treatments:

Preventive Measures

  1. Avoiding Allergens: Staying indoors during peak pollen times, using air conditioning, and keeping windows closed can reduce exposure to allergens.

2. Wearing Protective Gear: Wearing sunglasses and a hat can help protect your eyes and hair from pollen.

3. Showering and Changing Clothes: After being outdoors, showering and changing your clothes can help remove pollen from your body and reduce symptoms.


  1. Antihistamines: Over-the-counter and prescription antihistamines can relieve sneezing, itching, and runny nose by blocking the action of histamine.

  2. Decongestants: Decongestants, available in pill or nasal spray form, can reduce nasal congestion and pressure.

  3. Nasal Corticosteroids: These prescription nasal sprays can reduce inflammation and relieve nasal symptoms.

  4. Leukotriene Receptor Antagonists: Medications like montelukast can block the action of leukotrienes, which cause allergy symptoms.

  5. Immunotherapy: Allergy shots or sublingual tablets can help build tolerance to specific allergens over time.

Manuka Honey for Seasonal Allergies

Manuka honey, derived from the nectar of the Manuka tree in New Zealand, has gained attention for its potential health benefits, including its use in treating seasonal allergies. Manuka honey contains high levels of methylglyoxal (MGO), which provides antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory benefits. 

Including Manuka honey in your treatment regimen for seasonal allergies can help soothe irritated tissues, reduce inflammation, and boost the immune system. 

We suggest you take 1-2 teaspoons of Manuka honey daily, either directly or mixed into warm beverages. 

Quality matters when it comes to Manuka honey, so make sure the honey is of high quality and has a high Unique Manuka Factor (UMF) or MGO rating.

Home Remedies for Seasonal Allergies

  1. Saline Nasal Rinse: Rinsing your nasal passages with a saline solution can help clear out mucus and allergens, reducing congestion and irritation.

  2. Steam Inhalation: Inhaling steam from a bowl of hot water can help open your nasal passages and soothe irritated tissues.

  3. Herbal Remedies: Certain herbs, such as butterbur and stinging nettle, have been shown to reduce allergy symptoms.

  4. Probiotics: Maintaining a healthy balance of gut bacteria with probiotics can help regulate the immune system and reduce allergy symptoms.

  5. Essential Oils: Using essential oils like eucalyptus or peppermint in a diffuser can help alleviate congestion and respiratory symptoms.

Lifestyle and Dietary Adjustments

Making certain lifestyle and dietary adjustments can also help manage and reduce the severity of seasonal allergies. 

Here are some adjustments that might help: 

  1. Dietary Changes: Eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and omega-3 fatty acids can support the immune system and reduce inflammation.

  2. Exercise: Regular physical activity can improve overall health and reduce the severity of allergy symptoms.

  3. Stress Management: Stress-reducing techniques such as yoga, meditation, or deep breathing exercises can help manage allergy symptoms.

  4. Hydration: Staying well-hydrated helps thin mucus and reduce congestion.

  5. Air Quality Control: Using air purifiers and keeping indoor air clean can reduce exposure to indoor allergens.

When to See a Doctor

While many people manage seasonal allergies with over-the-counter medications and home remedies, there are times when professional medical advice is necessary.

Visit your doctor if you have any of the following:

  • Persistent Symptoms: If symptoms persist despite over-the-counter treatments, it may be necessary to seek medical advice.

  • Severe Reactions: Severe allergic reactions, such as difficulty breathing, require immediate medical attention.

  • Chronic Sinus Infections: Frequent sinus infections may indicate that allergies are not well-controlled and may need more intensive treatment.

  • Asthma Symptoms: Allergies can trigger asthma symptoms, such as wheezing and shortness of breath, requiring medical intervention.


Seasonal allergies can significantly impact your daily life, causing discomfort and reducing productivity. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options is essential for effective management. By combining preventive measures, medications, and natural remedies like Manuka honey, individuals can reduce symptom severity and improve their overall quality of life. Always consult with a healthcare provider to create the best treatment plan for your specific condition. With proper management, the impact of seasonal allergies can be minimized, leading to a healthier and more enjoyable life.

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