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Breakthrough in Diabetes Technology 2023



Key Takeaways from the Article:

  • Types of Diabetes Technology

  • Technology for Insulin Intake

  • Technology for Tracking Blood Sugars


Introduction:

Are you curious about the evolving world of diabetes technology? Did you know that advancements in technology are expanding your options for effective diabetes management? In this article, we will delve into the fascinating realm of diabetes technology. From cutting-edge Continuous Glucose Monitors (CGMs) to convenient flash glucose monitors, the possibilities are many.


There are two broad themes to diabetes technology:

  • Technology for the administration of insulin.

  • Technology for checking blood sugars.

Technology for the administration of insulin



  1. Insulin Pen: These pens come preloaded with insulin, including premixed insulins. They offer a user-friendly experience, requiring a simple process of twisting or snapping on a new needle, dialing a dose, injecting the insulin, and safely disposing of the used needle in a sharps container.

  2. Insulin Pumps: These small devices deliver insulin continuously through a plastic tube called a catheter. They provide the option for both continuous insulin delivery throughout the day and night, as well as rapid insulin delivery before meals. Worn externally, usually around the stomach area, insulin pumps offer enhanced blood glucose management for some individuals.

  3. Closed Loop Systems: For individuals with type 1 diabetes, closed loop systems combine an insulin pump with a continuous glucose monitor (CGM) that communicate with each other. Through a computer program within the pump or on a smartphone, this integrated system, also known as an artificial pancreas, automatically adjusts insulin delivery based on real-time glucose levels data that is received through the CGM.


Technology for checking blood sugars:



  1. Blood Sugar Monitor: This device involves pricking your fingertip with a small needle called a lancet to obtain a blood drop. You then place the drop on a test strip in a glucose meter. Within seconds, the meter displays your blood sugar level. This method provides a quick and convenient way to monitor glucose levels.

  2. Flash Glucose Monitor (FGM) & Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM):

  • Flash Glucose Monitor: With an FGM, you scan a device over a sensor placed on the back of your upper arm. This non-invasive scanning provides instant sugar readings. It is discreet, painless, and requires no finger pricks. However, it only displays readings when scanned.

  • Continuous Glucose Monitor (CGM): CGMs continuously monitor glucose levels in real-time and provide ongoing readings throughout the day and night. CGMs use a small sensor inserted under the skin, typically on the upper arm, abdomen, back, thigh, or buttocks. They can transmit the readings automatically to a device or mobile via Bluetooth. CGMs also offer alerts for high or low blood sugar levels.





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